Heimildir 

Hollustu- og óhollustustig NMB næringarkönnunar fyrir verðandi mæður byggja á norrænum og íslenskum ráðleggingum um næringarefni og fæðuval, upplýsingum um neysluvenjur íslenskra kvenna á barneignaaldri sem og nýlegum rannsóknum á tengslum milli fæðuvals og næringargildis fæðu kvenna á meðgöngu við heilsu móður og barns. 

Ábendingar um fæðuval ungbarna byggja á norrænum og íslenskum ráðlegginum um næringu ungbarna sem og nýlegum rannsóknum á tengslum á milli fæðuvals og næringargildis fæðu ungbarna og heilsu barnsins.

Notendur NMB hafa aðgang að fróðleik um næringu móður og barns. Fróðleikurinn er settur fram á mjög einfaldan hátt, þar sem leitast er við að útskýra áherslur NMB varðandi hollustu og neyslu næringarefna. Í öllum tilfellum er vitnað í viðeigandi heimildir. 

Hér að neðan má sjá yfirlit yfir helstu heimildir sem stuðst var við, bæði við þróun gagnvirkra næringarkannana og við skrif fróðleiksmola.

 

HEIMILDIR MEÐGANGA 

Bertelsen RJ, Brantsæter AL, Magnus MC, Haugen M, Myhre R, Jacobsson B, Longnecker MP, Meltzer HM, London SJ. Probiotic milk consumption in pregnancy and infancy and subsequent childhood allergic diseases. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014 Jan;133(1):165-71.e1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2013.07.032. Epub 2013 Sep 10.

Borgen I, Aamodt G, Harsem N, Haugen M, Meltzer HM, Brantsæter AL. Maternal sugar consumption and risk of preeclampsia in nulliparous Norwegian women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2012 Aug;66(8):920-5. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2012.61. Epub 2012 Jun 20.

Brantsaeter AL, Haugen M, Samuelsen SO, Torjusen H, Trogstad L, Alexander J, Magnus P, Meltzer HM. A dietary pattern characterized by high intake of vegetables, fruits, and vegetable oils is associated with reduced risk of preeclampsia in nulliparous pregnant Norwegian women. J Nutr. 2009 Jun;139(6):1162-8. doi: 10.3945/jn.109.104968. Epub 2009 Apr 15.

Brantsaeter AL, Myhre R, Haugen M, Myking S, Sengpiel V, Magnus P, Jacobsson B, Meltzer HM. Intake of probiotic food and risk of preeclampsia in primiparous women: the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Oct 1;174(7):807-15. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwr168. Epub 2011 Aug 5.

Brantsæter AL, Birgisdottir BE, Meltzer HM, Kvalem HE, Alexander J, Magnus P, Haugen M. Maternal seafood consumption and infant birth weight, length and head circumference in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Br J Nutr. 2012 Feb;107(3):436-44. doi: 10.1017/S0007114511003047. Epub 2011 Jul 18.

Brantsæter AL, Abel MH, Haugen M, Meltzer HM. Risk of suboptimal iodine intake in pregnant Norwegian women. Nutrients. 2013 Feb 6;5(2):424-40. doi: 10.3390/nu5020424.

Brantsæter AL, Olafsdottir AS, Forsum E, Olsen SF, Thorsdottir I. Does milk and dairy consumption during pregnancy influence fetal growth and infant birthweight? A systematic literature review. Food Nutr Res. 2012;56. doi: 10.3402/fnr.v56i0.20050. Epub 2012 Nov 23.

Browne ML. Maternal exposure to caffeine and risk of congenital anomalies: a systematic review. Epidemiology. 2006 May;17(3):324-31. 

Burris HH, Rifas-Shiman SL, Kleinman K, Litonjua AA, Huh SY, Rich-Edwards JW, Camargo CA Jr, Gillman MW. Vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy and gestational diabetes mellitus. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Sep;207(3):182.e1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2012.05.022. Epub 2012 Jun 1.

Burris HH, Rifas-Shiman SL, Camargo CA Jr, Litonjua AA, Huh SY, Rich-Edwards JW, Gillman MW. Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D during pregnancy and small-for-gestational age in black and white infants. Ann Epidemiol. 2012 Aug;22(8):581-6. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2012.04.015. Epub 2012 Jun 1.

Caspersen IH, Knutsen HK, Brantsæter AL, Haugen M, Alexander J, Meltzer HM, Kvalem HE. Dietary exposure to dioxins and PCBs in a large cohort of pregnant women: results from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). Environ Int. 2013 Sep;59:398-407. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2013.07.001. Epub 2013 Aug 2.

Cheng J, Su H, Zhu R, Wang X, Peng M, Song J, Fan D. Maternal coffee consumption during pregnancy and risk of childhood acute leukemia: a metaanalysis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Feb;210(2):151.e1-151.e10. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2013.09.026. Epub 2013 Sep 20.

Danielsen I, Granström C, Haldorsson T, Rytter D, Hammer Bech B, Henriksen TB, Vaag AA, Olsen SF. Dietary glycemic index during pregnancy is associated with biomarkers of the metabolic syndrome in offspring at age 20 years. PLoS One. 2013 May 31;8(5):e64887. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064887. 

De-Regil LM, Fernández-Gaxiola AC, Dowswell T, Peña-Rosas JP. Effects and safety of periconceptional folate supplementation for preventing birth defects. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Oct 6;(10):CD007950. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007950.pub2. 

Domellöf M, Thorsdottir I, Thorstensen K. Health effects of different dietary iron intakes: a systematic literature review for the 5th Nordic Nutrition Recommendations. Food Nutr Res. 2013 Jul 12;57. doi: 10.3402/fnr.v57i0.21667. 

Englund-Ögge L, Brantsæter AL, Haugen M, Sengpiel V, Khatibi A, Myhre R, Myking S, Meltzer HM, Kacerovsky M, Nilsen RM, Jacobsson B. Association between intake of artificially sweetened and sugar-sweetened beverages and preterm delivery: a large prospective cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Sep;96(3):552-9. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.111.031567. Epub 2012 Aug 1.

Englund-Ögge L, Brantsæter AL, Sengpiel V, Haugen M, Birgisdottir BE, Myhre R, Meltzer HM, Jacobsson B. Maternal dietary patterns and preterm delivery: results from large prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2014 Mar 4;348:g1446. doi: 10.1136/bmj.g1446.

Escolano-Margarit MV, Ramos R, Beyer J, Csábi G, Parrilla-Roure M, Cruz F, Perez-Garcia M, Hadders-Algra M, Gil A, Decsi T, Koletzko BV, Campoy C. Prenatal DHA status and neurological outcome in children at age 5.5 years are positively associated. J Nutr. 2011 Jun;141(6):1216-23. doi: 10.3945/jn.110.129635. Epub 2011 Apr 27.

Gunnarsdottir I, Gustavsdottir AG, Steingrimsdottir L, Maage A, Johannesson AJ, Thorsdottir I. Iodine status of pregnant women in a population changing from high to lower fish and milk consumption. Public Health Nutr. 2013 Feb;16(2):325-9. doi: 10.1017/S1368980012001358. Epub 2012 May 21.

Gunnarsdottir I, Tryggvadottir EA, Birgisdottir BE, Halldorsson TI, Medek H, Geirsson RT. Fæðuval og næring kvenna á meðgöngu með tilliti til líkamsþyngdar. Læknablaðið. 2016 Sep;102(9):378-84. doi: 10.17992/lbl.2016.09.95. 

Halldorsson TI, Meltzer HM, Thorsdottir I, Knudsen V, Olsen SF. Is high consumption of fatty fish during pregnancy a risk factor for fetal growth retardation? A study of 44,824 Danish pregnant women. Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Sep 15;166(6):687-96. Epub 2007 Jul 13.

Halldorsson TI, Strøm M, Petersen SB, Olsen SF. Intake of artificially sweetened soft drinks and risk of preterm delivery: a prospective cohort study in 59,334 Danish pregnant women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Sep;92(3):626-33. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.2009.28968. Epub 2010 Jun 30.

Hanke W, Haugen M, Heppe DH, Heude B, Inskip HM, Jaddoe VW, Jansen M, Kelleher C, Meltzer HM, Merletti F, Moltó-Puigmartí C, Mommers M, Murcia M, Oliveira A, Olsen SF, Leventakou V, Roumeliotaki T, Martinez D, Barros H, Brantsaeter AL, Casas M, Charles MA, Cordier S, Eggesbø M, van Eijsden M, Forastiere F, Gehring U, Govarts E, Halldórsson TI, Sun Y, Vestergaard M, Christensen J, Olsen J, Olsen SF. Intake of marine n-3 fatty acids during pregnancy and risk for epilepsy in the offspring: a population-based cohort study. Epilepsy Res. 2010 Oct;91(2-3):267-72. doi: 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2010.08.001. Epub 2010 Aug 24.

Haugen M, Meltzer HM, Brantsaeter AL, Mikkelsen T, Osterdal ML, Alexander J, Olsen SF, Bakketeig L. Mediterranean-type diet and risk of preterm birth among women in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa): a prospective cohort study. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2008;87(3):319-24. doi: 10.1080/00016340801899123.

Haugen M, Brantsaeter AL, Trogstad L, Alexander J, Roth C, Magnus P, Meltzer HM. Vitamin D supplementation and reduced risk of preeclampsia in nulliparous women. Epidemiology. 2009 Sep;20(5):720-6. doi: 10.1097/EDE.0b013e3181a70f08.

Hrolfsdottir L, Rytter D, Hammer Bech B, Brink Henriksen T, Danielsen I, Steingrimsdottir L, Olsen SF, Halldorsson TI. Maternal milk consumption, birth size and adult height of offspring: a prospective cohort study with 20 years of follow-up. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013 Oct;67(10):1036-41. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2013.151. Epub 2013 Sep 4.

Hrolfsdottir L, Schalkwijk CG, Birgisdottir BE, Gunnarsdottir I, Maslova E, Granström C, Strøm M, Olsen SF, Halldorsson TI. Maternal diet, gestational weight gain, and inflammatory markers during pregnancy. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2016 Oct;24(10):2133-9. doi: 10.1002/oby.21617. Epub 2016 Sep 1.

Hvað borða Íslendingar? Könnun á mataræði Íslendinga 2010-2011. Helstu niðurstöður. Hólmfríður Þorgeirsdóttir, Hrund Valgeirsdóttir, Ingibjörg Gunnarsdóttir, Elva Gísladóttir, Bryndís Elfa Gunnarsdóttir, Inga Þórsdóttir, Jónína Stefánsdóttir, Laufey Steingrímsdóttir. Landlæknir, Matvælastofnun og Rannsóknastofa í næringarfræði, Reykjavík 2011.

Íslenski gagnagrunnurinn um efnainnihald matvæla (ISGEM)

Jacka FN, Ystrom E, Brantsaeter AL, Karevold E, Roth C, Haugen M, Meltzer HM, Schjolberg S, Berk M. Maternal and early postnatal nutrition and mental health of offspring by age 5 years: a prospective cohort study. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2013 Oct;52(10):1038-47. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2013.07.002. Epub 2013 Aug 17.

Jörundsdottir H, Halldorsson TI, Gunnlaugsdottir H. PFAAs in fish and other seafood products from Icelandic waters. J Environ Public Health 2014;2014:573607. doi: 10.1155/2014/573607. Epub 2014 Mar 20.

Klemmensen A, Tabor A, Østerdal ML, Knudsen VK, Halldorsson TI, Mikkelsen TB, Olsen SF. Intake of vitamin C and E in pregnancy and risk of pre-eclampsia: prospective study among 57 346 women. BJOG. 2009 Jun;116(7):964-74. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2009.02150.x.

Knudsen VK, Orozova-Bekkevold IM, Mikkelsen TB, Wolff S, Olsen SF. Major dietary patterns in pregnancy and fetal growth. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2008 Apr;62(4):463-70. Epub 2007 Mar 28.

Knudsen VK, Heitmann BL, Halldorsson TI, Sørensen TI, Olsen SF. Maternal dietary glycaemic load during pregnancy and gestational weight gain, birth weight and postpartum weight retention: a study within the Danish National Birth Cohort. Br J Nutr. 2013 Apr 28;109(8):1471-8. doi: 10.1017/S0007114512003443. Epub 2012 Aug 21.

Kohlboeck G, Glaser C, Tiesler C, Demmelmair H, Standl M, Romanos M, Koletzko B, Lehmann I, Heinrich J; LISAplus Study Group. Effect of fatty acid status in cord blood serum on children's behavioral difficulties at 10 y of age: results from the LISAplus Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Dec;94(6):1592-9. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.111.015800. Epub 2011 Nov 9.

Maslova E, Granström C, Hansen S, Petersen SB, Strøm M, Willett WC, Olsen SF. Peanut and tree nut consumption during pregnancy and allergic disease in children-should mothers decrease their intake? Longitudinal evidence from the Danish National Birth Cohort. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2012 Sep;130(3):724-32. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2012.05.014. Epub 2012 Jun 27.

Maslova E, Hansen S, Jensen CB, Thorne-Lyman AL, Strøm M, Olsen SF. Vitamin D intake in mid-pregnancy and child allergic disease - a prospective study in 44,825 Danish mother-child pairs. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2013 Oct 31;13:199. doi: 10.1186/1471-2393-13-199.

Maslova E, Strøm M, Olsen SF, Halldorsson TI. Consumption of artificially-sweetened soft drinks in pregnancy and risk of child asthma and allergic rhinitis. PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e57261. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057261. Epub 2013 Feb 27.

Matur og meðganga. Fróðleikur fyrir konur á barneignaaldri. Lýðheilsustöð, Heilsugæslan og Matvælastofnun 2008.

Meltzer HM, Brantsæter AL, Nilsen RM, Magnus P, Alexander J, Haugen M. Effect of dietary factors in pregnancy on risk of pregnancy complications: results from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Dec;94(6 Suppl):1970S-1974S. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.110.001248. Epub 2011 May 4.

Mikkelsen TB, Osler M, Orozova-Bekkevold I, Knudsen VK, Olsen SF. Association between fruit and vegetable consumption and birth weight: a prospective study among 43,585 Danish women. Scand J Public Health. 2006;34(6):616-22.

Muller M, Sigurdsson S, Kjartansson O, Jonsson PV, Garcia M, von Bonsdorff MB, Gunnarsdottir I, Thorsdottir I, Harris TB, van Buchem M, Gudnason V, Launer LJ. Birth Size and Brain Function 75 Years Later. Pediatrics. 2014 Sep 1. pii: peds.2014-1108. [Epub ahead of print]

Myhre R, Brantsæter AL, Myking S, Gjessing HK, Sengpiel V, Meltzer HM, Haugen M, Jacobsson B. Intake of probiotic food and risk of spontaneous preterm delivery. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Jan;93(1):151-7. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.110.004085. Epub 2010 Oct 27.

Myhre R, Brantsæter AL, Myking S, Eggesbø M, Meltzer HM, Haugen M, Jacobsson B. Intakes of garlic and dried fruits are associated with lower risk of spontaneous preterm delivery. J Nutr. 2013 Jul;143(7):1100-8. doi: 10.3945/jn.112.173229. Epub 2013 May 22.

Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2012.Integrating nutrition and physical activity. Nordic Council of Ministers 2014.http://www.norden.org/en/publications/publikationer/2014-002

Nordic monitoring of diet, physical activity and overweight. Validation of indicators. TemaNord 2011:556. ISBN: 978-92-893-2258-4. Nordic Council of Ministers 2012.

Nyström HF, Brantsæter AL, Erlund I, Gunnarsdottir I, Hulthén L, Laurberg P, Mattisson I, Rasmussen LB, Virtanen S, Meltzer HM. Iodine status in the Nordic countries - past and present. Food Nutr Res. 2016 Jun 8;60:31969. doi: 10.3402/fnr.v60.31969. eCollection 2016. 

Olafsdottir AS, Skuladottir GV, Thorsdottir I, Hauksson A, Steingrimsdottir L. Maternal diet in early and late pregnancy in relation to weight gain. Int J Obes (Lond). 2006 Mar;30(3):492-9.

Olafsdottir AS, Skuladottir GV, Thorsdottir I, Hauksson A, Thorgeirsdottir H, Steingrimsdottir L. Relationship between high consumption of marine fatty acids in early pregnancy and hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. BJOG. 2006 Mar;113(3):301-9.

Oken E, Østerdal ML, Gillman MW, Knudsen VK, Halldorsson TI, Strøm M, Bellinger DC, Hadders-Algra M, Michaelsen KF, Olsen SF. Associations of maternal fish intake during pregnancy and breastfeeding duration with attainment of developmental milestones in early childhood: a study from the Danish National Birth Cohort. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Sep;88(3):789-96.

Oken E, Ning Y, Rifas-Shiman SL, Rich-Edwards JW, Olsen SF, Gillman MW. Diet during pregnancy and risk of preeclampsia or gestational hypertension. Ann Epidemiol. 2007 Sep;17(9):663-8. Epub 2007 May 23.

Olsen SF, Secher NJ. Low consumption of seafood in early pregnancy as a risk factor for preterm delivery: prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2002 Feb 23;324(7335):447.

Olsen SF, Østerdal ML, Salvig JD, Kesmodel U, Henriksen TB, Hedegaard M, Secher NJ. Duration of pregnancy in relation to seafood intake during early and mid pregnancy: prospective cohort. Eur J Epidemiol. 2006;21(10):749-58. Epub 2006 Nov 17.

Olsen SF, Halldorsson TI, Willett WC, Knudsen VK, Gillman MW, Mikkelsen TB, Olsen J; NUTRIX Consortium. Milk consumption during pregnancy is associated with increased infant size at birth: prospective cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Oct;86(4):1104-10.

Pele F, Polanska K, Porta D, Richiardi L, Robinson SM, Stigum H, Strøm M, Sunyer J, Thijs C, Viljoen K, Vrijkotte TG, Wijga AH, Kogevinas M, Vrijheid M, Chatzi L. Fish intake during pregnancy, fetal growth, and gestational length in 19 European birth cohort studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Mar;99(3):506-16. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.113.067421. Epub 2013 Dec 11.

Ráðlagðir dagskammtar (RDS) af ýmsum vítamínum 2013. Embætti landlæknis.

Sengpiel V, Elind E, Bacelis J, Nilsson S, Grove J, Myhre R, Haugen M, Meltzer HM, Alexander J, Jacobsson B, Brantsaeter AL. Maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy is associated with birth weight but not with gestational length: results from a large prospective observational cohort study. BMC Med. 2013 Feb 19;11:42. doi: 10.1186/1741-7015-11-42.

Steer CD, Lattka E, Koletzko B, Golding J, Hibbeln JR. Maternal fatty acids in pregnancy, FADS polymorphisms, and child intelligence quotient at 8 y of age. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Dec;98(6):1575-82. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.112.051524. Epub 2013 Sep 25.

Sun Y, Vestergaard M, Christensen J, Olsen J, Olsen SF. Intake of marine n-3 fatty acids during pregnancy and risk for epilepsy in the offspring: a population-based cohort study. Epilepsy Res. 2010 Oct;91(2-3):267-72. doi: 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2010.08.001. Epub 2010 Aug 24.

von Ruesten A, Brantsæter AL, Haugen M, Meltzer HM, Mehlig K, Winkvist A, Lissner L. Adherence of pregnant women to Nordic dietary guidelines in relation to postpartum weight retention: results from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. BMC Public Health. 2014 Jan 24;14:75. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-75.

Thorsdottir I, Torfadottir JE, Birgisdottir BE, Geirsson RT. Weight gain in women of normal weight before pregnancy: complications in pregnancy or delivery and birth outcome. Obstet Gynecol. 2002 May;99(5 Pt 1):799-806.

Tryggvadottir EA, Medek H, Birgisdottir BE, Geirsson RT, Gunnarsdottir I. Association between healthy maternal dietary pattern and risk for gestational diabetes mellitus. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2016 Feb;70(2):237-42. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2015.145. Epub 2015 Sep 9.

Vejrup K, Brantsæter AL, Knutsen HK, Magnus P, Alexander J, Kvalem HE, Meltzer HM, Haugen M. Prenatal mercury exposure and infant birth weight in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Public Health Nutr. 2014 Sep;17(9):2071-80. doi: 10.1017/S1368980013002619. Epub 2013 Oct 8.

Völzke H, Caron P, Dahl L, de Castro JJ, Erlund I, Gaberšček S, Gunnarsdottir I, Hubalewska-Dydejczyk A, Ittermann T, Ivanova L, Karanfilski B, Khattak RM, Kusić Z, Laurberg P, Lazarus JH, Markou KB, Moreno-Reyes R, Nagy EV, Peeters RP, Pīrāgs V, Podoba J, Rayman MP, Rochau U, Siebert U, Smyth PP, Thuesen BH, Troen A, Vila L, Vitti P, Zamrazil V, Zimmermann MB. Ensuring Effective Prevention of Iodine Deficiency Disorders. Thyroid. 2016 Feb;26(2):189-96. doi: 10.1089/thy.2015.0543. Epub 2016 Jan 25.


HEIMILDIR UNGBÖRN 

Brands B, Demmelmair H, Koletzko B; for the EarlyNutrition Project. How growth due to infant nutrition influences obesity and later disease risk. Acta Paediatr. 2014 Feb 12. doi: 10.1111/apa.12593.

Chan ES, Cummings C; Canadian Paediatric Society, Community Paediatrics Committee and Allergy Section. Dietary exposures and allergy prevention in high-risk infants: A joint statement with the Canadian Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. Paediatr Child Health. 2013 Dec;18(10):545-54.

Escribano J, Luque V, Ferre N, Mendez-Riera G, Koletzko B, Grote V, Demmelmair H, Bluck L, Wright A, Closa-Monasterolo R; European Childhood Obesity Trial Study Group. Effect of protein intake and weight gain velocity on body fat mass at 6 months of age: the EU Childhood Obesity Programme. Int J Obes (Lond). 2012 Apr;36(4):548-53. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2011.276. Epub 2012 Feb 7.

Greiner T, Gunnarsdottir I. Feeding infants right--status and future directions.Public Health Nutr. 2013 Oct;16(10):1721-2. doi: 10.1017/S1368980013002358. 

Grote V, Schiess SA, Closa-Monasterolo R, Escribano J, Giovannini M, Scaglioni S, Stolarczyk A, Gruszfeld D, Hoyos J, Poncelet P, Xhonneux A, Langhendries JP, Koletzko B; European Childhood Obesity Trial Study Group. The introduction of solid food and growth in the first 2 y of life in formula-fed children: analysis of data from a European cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Dec;94(6 Suppl):1785S-1793S. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.110.000810. Epub 2011 Sep 14.

Gunnarsdottir I, Thorsdottir I. Relationship between growth and feeding in infancy and body mass index at the age of 6 years. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2003 Dec;27(12):1523-7.

Gunnarsdottir I, Schack-Nielsen L, Michaelsen KF, Sørensen TI, Thorsdottir I; NordNet Study Group. Infant weight gain, duration of exclusive breast-feeding and childhood BMI - two similar follow-up cohorts. Public Health Nutr. 2010 Feb;13(2):201-7. doi: 10.1017/S1368980009005874. Epub 2009 Jul 17.

Hakanen M, Lagström H, Pahkala K, Sillanmäki L, Saarinen M, Niinikoski H, Raitakari OT, Viikari J, Simell O, Rönnemaa T. Dietary and lifestyle counselling reduces the clustering of overweight-related cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents. Acta Paediatr. 2010 Jun;99(6):888-95. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2009.01636.x. Epub 2009 Dec 11.

Häggkvist AP, Brantsæter AL, Grjibovski AM, Helsing E, Meltzer HM, Haugen M. Prevalence of breast-feeding in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study and health service-related correlates of cessation of full breast-feeding. Public Health Nutr. 2010 Dec;13(12):2076-86. doi: 10.1017/S1368980010001771. Epub 2010 Jun 25.

Hermoso M, Vucic V, Vollhardt C, Arsic A, Roman-Viñas B, Iglesia-Altaba I, Gurinovic M, Koletzko B. The effect of iron on cognitive development and function in infants, children and adolescents: a systematic review. Ann Nutr Metab. 2011;59(2-4):154-65. doi: 10.1159/000334490. Epub 2011 Dec 2.

Hörnell A, Lagström H, Lande B, Thorsdottir I. Protein intake from 0 to 18 years of age and its relation to health: a systematic literature review for the 5th Nordic Nutrition Recommendations. Food Nutr Res. 2013 May 23;57. doi: 10.3402/fnr.v57i0.21083. 

Hörnell A, Lagström H, Lande B, Thorsdottir I. Breastfeeding, introduction of other foods and effects on health: a systematic literature review for the 5th Nordic Nutrition Recommendations. Food Nutr Res. 2013 Apr 12;57. doi: 10.3402/fnr.v57i0.20823. 

Imai CM, Gunnarsdottir I, Thorisdottir B, Halldorsson TI, Thorsdottir I. Associations between infant feeding practice prior to six months and body mass index at six years of age. Nutrients. 2014 Apr 17;6(4):1608-17. doi: 10.3390/nu6041608.

Jonsdottir OH, Thorsdottir I, Hibberd PL, Fewtrell MS, Wells JC, Palsson GI, Lucas A, Gunnlaugsson G, Kleinman RE. Timing of the introduction of complementary foods in infancy: a randomized controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2012 Dec;130(6):1038-45. doi: 10.1542/peds.2011-3838. Epub 2012 Nov 12.

Jonsdottir OH, Kleinman RE, Wells JC, Fewtrell MS, Hibberd PL, Gunnlaugsson G, Thorsdottir I. Exclusive breastfeeding for 4 versus 6 months and growth in early childhood. Acta Paediatr. 2014 Jan;103(1):105-11. doi: 10.1111/apa.12433. Epub 2013 Nov 11.

Muraro A1, Halken S, Arshad SH, Beyer K, Dubois AE, Du Toit G, Eigenmann PA, Grimshaw KE, Hoest A, Lack G, O'Mahony L, Papadopoulos NG, Panesar S, Prescott S, Roberts G, de Silva D, Venter C, Verhasselt V, Akdis AC, Sheikh A; EAACI Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Guidelines Group. EAACI Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Guidelines. Primary prevention of food allergy. Allergy. 2014 May;69(5):590-601. doi: 10.1111/all.12398. Epub 2014 Apr 3.

Niinikoski H, Pahkala K, Ala-Korpela M, Viikari J, Rönnemaa T, Lagström H, Jokinen E, Jula A, Savolainen MJ, Simell O, Raitakari OT. Effect of repeated dietary counseling on serum lipoproteins from infancy to adulthood. Pediatrics. 2012 Mar;129(3):e704-13. doi: 10.1542/peds.2011-1503. Epub 2012 Feb 13.

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Næring ungbarna. Manneldisráð og Miðstöð heilsuverndar barna 2009.

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